2016 | Tom: 6 | Numer: 1 | 195-208
Article title

Krytyka nauki przez odniesienie do holizmu wiedzy w myśli Seyyeda Hosseina Nasra oraz Ismaila al-Faruqiego

Title variants
The critique of science in the light of epistemological holism in the thought of Seyyed Hos‐ sein Nasr and Ismail al‐Faruqi:
Languages of publication
The paper presents a cognitive, educational and philosophical strategy, sometimes called reconstructionism (as it denotes e orts to reconstruct knowledge and science), proposed by a number of Muslim authors as a proper reaction to modern science. The pre‐modern background for this reaction is highlighted. Two examples are given: the Islamic science idea by Seyyed Hossein Nasr, and the Islamization of knowledge project by Ismail Raji al‐Faruqi. Their critique of Euro‐Atlantic science is based on its perceived e ects on society and morality (secularization, imperialism and colonialism, cruelty towards labora‐ tory animals, etc.) as well as on tawhid, the Islamic idea of unity. Their main postulates are to stop calling modern science objective and universal because this is a purely Western product; to produce an alternative indigenous science; to make science conform with Islamic doctrine and ethics; to reintroduce holism and sapiential aspects of knowledge into science. Critical voices, both Muslim and non‐Muslim, are quoted. All in all, reconstructionism is evaluated as a movement understandable to some extent but ine cient and idiosyncratic, unable to start objective and interesting research programmes on its own.
Physical description
  • Uniwersytet Papieski Jana Pawła II w Krakowie, Katedra Filozofii Przyrody
  • al‑Faruqi, I.R. (1980). Islām and the problem of Israel. London: Islamic Council of Europe.
  • al‑Faruqi, I.R. (1982a). Islāmization of knowledge: General principles and workplan. Washington: International Institute of Islāmic Thought.
  • al‑Faruqi, I.R. (1982b). Trialogue of Abrahamic faiths: Papers presented to the Islāmic Studies Group of American Academy of Religion. Washington: International Institute of Islāmic Thought.
  • al‑Faruqi, I.R. (1992). Al‑Tawhīd: Its implication for thought and life. Herndon: International Institute of Islamic Thought.
  • Edis, T. (2007). An illusion of harmony: Science and religion in Islam. New York: Prometheus Books.
  • Figas‑Skrzypulec, J. (2012). Kreacjonizm i Inteligentny Projekt poza granicami Stanów Zjednoczonych — zarys sytuacji. Semina Scientiarum, 11, 128–157.
  • Guessoum, N. (2011). Islam’s Quantum Question. London–New York: I.B. Tauris.
  • Nasr, S.H. (1989). Knowledge and the sacred. Albany: State University of New York Press.
  • Nasr, S.H. (1993). An introduction to Islamic cosmological doctrines: Conceptions of nature and methods used for its study by the Ikhwān al‑Ṣafāʼ, al‑Bīrūnī, and Ibn Sīnā. Albany: State University of New York Press.
  • Nasr, S.H. (1996). Religion and the order of nature. New York–Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Nasr, S.H. (2009). Islam and science (s. 71–86). W: P. Clayton, Z. Simpson (Red.). The Oxford handbook of religion and science. Oxford–New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Zaidi, A.H. (2011). Islam, modernity, and the human sciences. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
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