РОЗВИТОК ХУДОЖНЬО-ЕСТЕТИЧНОЇ ОСВІТИ УЧНІВ У СУЧАСНІЙ ПОЧАТКОВІЙ ШКОЛІ
Development of artistic-and-aesthetic education of pupils in contemporary elementary school
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The suggested article reviews present state of development of artistic-and-aesthetic education in elementary school pupils within education and bringing-up process in comprehensive school. It comprises the analysis of the aim and main tasks of artistic-and-aesthetic education. The article contains a list of educational programs developed in accordance with the latest State standard of elementary general education and respective textbooks of various text-writers. Artistic-and-aesthetic education of students of elementary school is viewed within the framework of acquiring of the educational subjects like «Fine Art», «Music», and «Art». Art within the system of modern education is viewed as significant component of general school education. Its powerful cognitive and educational resource is related to aesthetic nature due to which the most complex and mysterious processes of man’s spiritual life and inner world become comprehensible.Integrative orientation of the program of artistic-and-aesthetic education of students in secondary schools is aimed at developing a holistic artistic image of the world as an integral part of the total picture of the world. At the same time we shouldn’t absolutize any model of integration of knowledge, because organization of knowledge is not only systematic courses and purposeful pedagogical efforts in general, but the identity of the pupils. It’s the lessons of the artistic-and-aesthetic course at school – music and visual art, literature, artistic culture, choreography, aesthetics – that breed the sense of harmony and value, rhythm and sound, color, plastic forms and imagination. All those are of primary importance for upbringing of highly dignified person. The article brings forward prospects for the development in this direction. Principle concepts and their influence on artistic-and-aesthetic upbringing of young pupils are highlighted. The author concludes that implementation of effective artistic-and-aesthetic activity of pedagogical process encourages comprehensive children development. The need of developing a holistic system of formation of aesthetic culture of the younger generation is emphasized, basis of which should become school, where involving children to art and treasures of human culture is a priority. Teachers should pay due attention to the implementation of this task. Otherwise, without paying attention to it in elementary school age, the desire for learning and understanding aesthetic in future can be destroyed.
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