Problemy rewaloryzacji zabytkowych zespołów w świetle prac studialnych i projektowych
PROBLEMS OF REVALORIZATION OF HISTORICAL COMPLEXES IN THE LIGHT OF RESEARCH AND DESIGNING WORK
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The Town Planning Team o f ZAMEK (The Castle) Designing Office (Designer-in-Chief: Olgierd Sawicki, Arch.; Teresa Rogowska, M. Arch., and Małgorzata Ciarka-Drzewiecka, Arch.) has taken up research and designing work on the plan for revalorization o f the so-called protected substance which is also understood as valuable formations of natural environment integrated with historical groupings. The method o f preparation of the plan, as proposed by the Team, provides for studies on the subject being carried on in the scale of four areas: the surrounding area (1:100 000—1:25 000) covers the linkages between the protected substance and factors which influence it in an essential way. The author’s analyses give the grounds for conclusions determining the functions of protected substance in town and the conditions whose satisfaction will provide for its further existence. The area o f the so-called conservation zones (1:1000—1:2000) embraces the protected substance and lay-out and the attendant valuable natural formations of the surrounding. In this area the zones subject to conservation and protection are demarcated and the conditions established of work on implementing the projects concerned. The adopted protection zones are as follows: A — protection of the historical grouping, В — protection of the historical lay-out, E ■— zone of exposition of the protected substance, К — landscape protection, W — protection of excavation sites and archaeological relics. The area covered by the detailed plan for revalorization (1 :5000— —1:2000) is in line with that of the structural town planning unit, in which the protected substance, e.g. the historical grouping is situated. It is for this area that a development plan is drawn up in the manner of a detailed plan. The decisions o f that plan are meant to ensure to the protected grouping and lay-out lasting existence within the urban organism. The area of the project for revalorization embraces only the historical grouping for which an overall (multi-branch) concept of implementation project is drawn up (1 :400 —1:100) for the grouping as a whole. Work on revalorization plan is carried out a t two stages: Stage I — at which assumptions of revalorization plan are prepared on the basis of the studies conducted in the scale of bout the surrounding area and that o f conservation zones. Stage II — work on the detailed plan for revalorization and on implementation project. The theoretical pursuits o f the Town Planning Team are translated by it into practice. The plan for revalorization o f the historical complex of Góra Kalwaria an d Czersk is the first one drawn up in consonance with the new method. The study of the development o f conservation zones (basing on that prepared for Góra Kalwaria) makes an attempt a t a somewhat different approach to the problem of further development of a historical organism, with industrial building materials being used for the purpose. As regards construction o f spatial lay-outs the binding principles are those of attractive appearance of streets and buildings and structures o f minor scale and of the search for multi-function patterns.
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