2015 | 12 | 67-83
Article title

The Development of a Knowledge Economy as a Factor in the Competitiveness of Central and East European Countries

Title variants
Rozwój gospodarki opartej na wiedzy jako czynnik konkurencyjności krajów Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej
Languages of publication
The purpose of this research is to analyse the influence of knowledge resources on the competitiveness of Central and East European (CEE) countries. The aim is to identify the correlation between the achieved development level of the knowledge economy, as measured by the Knowledge Economy Index (KEI), and the competitiveness level, as measured by the Global Competitiveness Index (GCI). The study was conducted using descriptive statistics, correlation, and cluster and regression analysis. Structurally, the paper is composed of the following parts: a) analysis of CEE countries’ competitiveness according to the GCI and KEI; b) examination of the correlation between the GCI and KEI in CEE countries; and c) analysis of the influence of pillars within the KEI on the GCI in CEE countries. The research results show that there is a strong positive correlation between the GCI and KEI. The outcomes of this study are useful for development policy-makers in CEE countries and highlight the relevance of improving knowledge economy performance in future.
Przedmiotem badań jest analiza wpływu zasobów wiedzy na konkurencyjność krajów Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej. Celem jest określenie korelacji pomiędzy osiągniętym poziomem rozwoju gospodarki opartej na wiedzy, mierzonym za pomocą indeksu gospodarki opartej na wiedzy (Knowledge Economy Index – KEI), a poziomem konkurencyjności, mierzonym za pomocą globalnego indeksu konkurencyjności (Global Competitiveness Index – GCI). Badania przeprowadzono, wykorzystując metody statystyki opisowej, analizę korelacji, skupień i regresji. Artykuł składa się z następujących części: a) analizy konkurencyjności krajów Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej za pomocą indeksów GCI i KEI; b) badania korelacji pomiędzy indeksami GCI i KEI w krajach Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej; c) analizy wpływu filarów KEI na indeks GCI w krajach Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej. Wyniki badań wskazują, że istnieje silna dodatnia korelacja pomiędzy indeksami GCI i KEI. Otrzymane rezultaty mogą być użyteczne dla decydentów w badanych krajach i potwierdzają znaczenie dalszego rozwoju gospodarki opartej na wiedzy w przyszłości.
Physical description
  • Faculty of Economics, University of NiŠ, Serbia
  • Faculty of Economics, University of NiŠ, Serbia
  • School of Business and Management, Novo Mesto, Slovenia
  • Faculty of Hotel Management and Tourism in Vrnjačka Banja, University of Kragujevac, Serbia
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