Типы спряжения в белорусском языке на фоне русского
Types of conjugation in the Belarus language on a background of Russian
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The verb classification of modern Belarusian Studies is mainly tailored to academic problemс. Its usability for the practical learning of the Belarusian Language is insufficient. A “text book oriented” verb typology should be based on certain verb conjugation regularities that allows for distinguishing of special forms (i.e. types) of verb paradigmс. This approach makes it possible to demonstrate the differences between Russian and Belarusian verb formс. Thus, their mingling whilst speaking can be avoided. Depending on the verb stem and the ending, the I. “Russian” conjugation (е-conjugation) corresponds to three Belarusian “orthographical” variants: the е-conjugation, the а-conjugation and the э-conjugation; the II. “Russian” conjugation (и-conjugation) corresponds to the і- and ы-conjugationс. Within each of these variants, regular types can be identified that alternate vocals, consonants or stress when conjugated. The mingling of endings when speaking Belarusian is caused by the domination of the Russian language in the everyday communication of the Belarusian population and the influence of dialectal speech.
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