2016 | 17 | 2 | 123-133
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Działalność badawczo-rozwojowa jest istotną częścią polityki innowacyjnej. Ocenę tej działalności w krajach OECD przeprowadzono wykorzystując metodę DEA. Uwzględniono nakłady: poziom wykształcenia, współpracę nauki z biznesem i poziom wykorzystywania wiedzy w firmach oraz rezultaty: liczba publikacji, patentów i doktoratów oraz eksport sektorów wysokich technologii i indeks Hirsha. Zwrócono uwagę na problem zerowych wag oraz przesunięcia czasowego. Przedstawiono rekomendacje poprawy efektywności dla krajów nieefektywnych.
Research and development is an essential part of innovation policy. The evaluation of this activity in the OECD countries was conducted with DEA. As inputs, education attainment, science and business cooperation and the level of knowledge utilization in companies, and as results, the number of publications, patents and doctorates and export volume of the high technology sectors and Hirsh index were taken into account. Attention was drawn to the problem of zero weights and time lags. Recommendations for improving the efficiency of inefficient countries are proposed.
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