2016 | 1(28) | 155-166
Article title

The Platonic Concept of Peace as a Fundamental Human Right

Title variants
Languages of publication
Plato is the first philosopher who speaks about the genesis of dialectic between civil war and outside war. The war among States may be considered a righteous war when an outside enemy threats the freedom of the polis, as freedom – from Plato’s point of view and the whole classical Greek culture point of view – is the fundamental human right that makes a man a citizen and not a slave. From Plato’s point of view this objective can be achieved by means of the education promoted by the State that helps the citizens to realize his essence as man. The State, therefore, realizes the natural order among citizens thus educated, that may only consist in a proportional equality of all citizens for their friendship and thus for peace. The polis becomes a unity and a real political community only thanks to the peace granted by that friendship.
Physical description
  • University of Bari (Italy)
  • Cambiano G., La pace in Platone e in Aristotele, in R. Uglione (ed.), La pace nel mondo antico. Atti del convegno nazionale di studi. Torino 9–10–11 aprile 1990, Torino, Regione Piemonte, Assessorato alla Cultura, 1991, p. 102.
  • De Romilly J., Guerre et paix entre cités, in J.P. Vernant (ed.)., Civilisations et Sociétés 11,Paris-La Haye, Mouton & Co, 1968, pp. 209–220.
  • Garlan Y., L’uomo e la guerra (trans. it. di Carlo De Nonno), in J.P. Vernant (ed.), L’uomo greco, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 1991, pp. 56–57.
  • Gastaldi S., La guerra della kallipolis, in Platone, La Repubblica, trad. e comm. A cura di Mario Vegetti, vol. IV, Libro V, Napoli, Bibliopolis, 2001, pp. 301–334.
  • Gehrke H.J., Stasis.Untersuchungen zu den inneren Kriegen in den griechischen Staaten des 5. und 4. Jahrhunderts v. Chr., München, C.H. Beck’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1985, pp. 2–9, 208–211.
  • Jäger W., Paideia. Die Formung des griechischen, Berlin und Leipzig, Walter De Gruyter & Co, 1944, trans. it. of L. Emery e A. Setti, Paideia. La formazione dell’uomo greco, Firenze, La Nuova Italia, III voll., 1988 (1. ed. 1953), new ed. it. of Paideia in book one and only, Milano, Bompiani, 2003, vol. II, pp. 435–436.
  • Kalimtzis K., Aristotle on Political Enmity and Disease. An Inquiry into Stasis, Albany, State University of New York Press, 2000, p. 119.
  • Marrou H.I., Histoire de l’éducation dans l’antiquité, Seuil, Paris 1948, trans. it. of Umberto Massi Storia dell’educazione nell’antichità, Studium, Roma 1971 (1. ed. 1950), p. 296.
  • Migliori M., Arte politica e metretica assiologica. Commentario storico-filosofico al «Politico» di Platone, Milano, Vita e Pensiero, 1996, p. 59.
  • Murphy N.R., The interpretation of Plato’s Repubblic, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1960 (1. ed. 1951), pp. 25–44.
  • Ramelli I., La dialettica tra guerra esterna e guerra civile da Siracusa a Roma, in
  • M. Sordi (ed.), Il pensiero sulla guerra nel mondo antico, Contributi dell’Istituto di storia antica, volume ventiquattresimo, Milano, Vita e Pensiero, 2001, pp. 49–51.
  • Sordi M. (ed.), Fazioni e congiure nel mondo antico, contributi dell’Istituto di storia antica, vol. 24, Milano, Vita e Pensiero, 1999, pp. 41–72.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.