The article provides an overview of scientific, scientific-methodological developments and a description of individual linguo-axiological, linguo-praxeological aspects of linguistic and methodological training of the future teachers of Ukrainian language and literature for extracurricular activities in patriotic education, that are carried out at A. S. Makarenko Sumy State Pedagogical University. Such methods were used in the article: generalization of scientific sources, pedagogical observation, analysis of educational programs, own experience at the methodology classes of Ukrainian language in higher school. It was determined that among the competences the possession of the state language was very essential for the personality of a citizen and patriot of the Ukrainian state formation. The language teacher by means of Ukrainian language trains students both as active nationally conscious citizens of an open, democratic and independent Ukraine and as citizens of the world. A circle of linguistic culture as one of the forms of extracurricular activities contributes to the formation of linguo-cultural competence of students. The linguistic and methodological training of the future language teachers to the patriotic education at school should synthesize the ideas of practice-oriented, personally-oriented, axiological approaches. In this context, the module on linguistic and cultural extracurricular activities in the magistracy is considered as a process of mastering by the students of a set of linguistic and cultural knowledge as well as skills and abilities, norms of conduct, considering the principles of national identification, socialization, humanization and multiculturalism. The forms of work with students and sample tasks were also presented. The emphasis is made on the analysis of normative documents. The concept of “patriotism” is outlined in the expressions of such tokens as honor, dignity, duty, defender in vocabulary reference books, and in the scientific and journalistic writings of O. Zakharenko, H. Filipchuk.