Problematika maďarského menšinového školstva na Slovensku: vplyv na migračné tlaky a možnosti uplatnenia sa absolventov v pracovnom procese
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The Issue of Hungarian Minority Education in Slovakia: Its Impact on Migration Processes and the Flexibility of Graduates on the Slovak Labor Market
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This study clarifies the issue of the triadic nexus among Slovakia, Hungary and the Hungarian minority which affects education and economic access in areas of Slovakia inhabited by the Hungarian minority, which has deleterious impacts on the graduates of minority schools on the Slovak labor market. It identifies this relationship as one of the factors that may have had contributed to reducing the number of members of the Hungarian minority in Slovakia. The main focus is on the trilateral approach to education in the Hungarian- language minority schools in Slovakia in terms of how they teach the state language: having three different approaches to minority education has led to inefficiencies in the minority schools’ Slovak language programs. In conjunction with Slovakia’s current economic policies towards the areas inhabited by the Hungarian minority, the negative outcomes thus created may increase migratory pressures on graduates of minority schools when they seek a university education or employment. Their deficient language skills reduce their competitiveness and flexibility compared to linguistically better- equipped individuals. The statistical data in education, employment, and population movements that are analyzed and compared herein are freely available, and confirm this hypothesis.
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