2017 | 12 | 161-179
Article title

Changing Lives, Changing Languages: Societal Impact on Language Teaching

Title variants
Languages of publication
1989 was a dividing line in the history of Central & Eastern European countries. Not only political systems were re-organized, but also social and cultural relations had to be revisited. It is valid to education as well because it welcomed new structures, subjects and philosophies, very often in new educational environments. In Hungary, language education was in a special situation: due to the changing social demands it had to face new challenges with the introduction of foreign languages not widely taught up to this time. The three pillars of the study are the analysis of the shift from a socialist regime into capitalism and its reflection in language education, the description of the appearance of different languages in public and higher education, and the introduction of new methods and synergies applied in the new era of FLT (foreign language teaching). Illustrations of present results are provided from the two far ends of education, namely, pre-school education and kindergarten teacher-training.
Physical description
  • Andrews, M., Kitzinger, A., Pohl, U., Simon, P., Tóth I., Végh, G. (2001 b). Zoom In - on Britain and Hungary. Teacher's Book, London: Swan Communication.
  • Emelyanenko, V. (2009). "Russian is in demand around the world once again" - Interview with Yuri Prokhorov. Russkiy Mir Foundation. para. 9. Retrieved October 23, 2016, from
  • Keresztes, Cs. (2013). Diákkövetelés az orosz nyelv kötelező tanulása ellen, Magyar Nemzeti Levéltár, para. 2. Retrieved October 23, 2016, from
  • Kitzinger, A. (2002). Pages of a Storybook: an Account of a British - Hungarian Project of Cultural Studies. In McRae, J. (Ed.), Reading Beyond Text: Processes and Skills (pp. 325-344.). Seville: CAUCE.
  • Kitzinger, A. (2010). Korai nyelvfejlesztés Európában és Magyarországon. Képzés és gyakorlat, 1. szám, pp. 91-98.
  • Kitzinger, A. (2014). Multilingual-multicultural challenges in the kindergarten. Abstract Early Language Learning: Theory and Practice in 2014, 46-47.
  • Kivonulnak a szovjet csapatok. (1990). Hír24. Retrieved October 23, 2016, from
  • Kovács, J., Trentinné Benkő, É.(2014). The World at Their Feet. Budapest: Eötvös József Könyvkiadó.
  • Laki, M. (2006). Az idegennyelv-oktatási piac átalakulása 1989 után. Közgazdasági Szemle, LIII, pp. 880-901.
  • Malderez, A., Medgyes, P., (Eds.). (1996). Changing perspectives in teacher education. Oxford: Heinemann.
  • National Institute of Public Education (OKI). (2001). Report: Education in Hungary 2000 [Report]. Forgács, A.: Author.
  • Promoting language learning and linguistic diversity. (2004). An action plan 2004-06, European Communities, Luxemburg.
  • Statistical Office of the European Communities. (2013). EUROSTAT: Two-thirds of working age adults in the EU28 in 2011 state they know a foreign language. Luxembourg: Eurostat.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.