ARCHEOLOGIA W PROCESIE REWALORYZACJI OGRODÓW TRUDNE POCZĄTKI
ARCHAEOLOGY IN THE REVALORISATION OF GARDENS DIFFICULT BEGINNINGS
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Conservation dealing with palace-garden complexes must be preceded by comprehensive studies involving representatives of several fields of science: architects, landscape architects, historians, art historians, geodesists, botanists, documentalists and archaeologists. The revalorisation of the Hampton Court Gardens was a symptomatic example of the cooperation of landscape architects, art historians and archaeologists. The excavations conducted by Brian Dix produced extraordinary results, and contributed to a complete and satisfactory realisation of the undertaking. In Poland, archaeologists tend to take part in ventures of this type much too rarely, but each year excavations are becoming increasingly frequently appreciated as a source of knowledge about garden and park premises expands; they are also employed in revalorisation projects. The first instance of using archaeological sources in implementing revalorisation projects relating to a garden premise consisted of the excavations initiated in 1997 in the Branicki Gardens in Białystok. The most prominent and largest-scale archaeological initiatives include the excavations conducted since 2003 by the staff of the National Centre for the Study and Documentation of Historical Monuments in the palace-park premise in Wilanów. Practical research renders possible the creation and testing of models of complex interdisciplinary studies resorting to newest technologies. Great emphasis is placed on registering all the stages of the work as well as programme-like integrated documentation prepared by all the participants. The active presence of archaeologists in the revalorisation of parks and gardens permits the verification of source material and supplies data about, i. a. the original spatial and compositional layout of parks and gardens, the plants and their planning, as well as types of garden outfitting and its distribution. Most important, it facilitates the creation of revalorisation projects concurrent with the historical message.
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