ВИХОВАННЯ ОЩАДЛИВОСТІ В СИСТЕМІ ЕКОНОМІЧНОГО РОЗВИТКУ ДОШКІЛЬНИКІВ ЯК ПСИХОЛОГО-ПЕДАГОГІЧНА ПРОБЛЕМА
Upbringing thrift in the system of economic development of preschoolers as psychological and pedagogical problem.
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In the article the problem of upbringingthrift (economy) of preschool children intheprocessof economic education in the conditions of preschool educational establishment is considered. The paper highlights the importance of economic education of preschool children in the modern society. The author emphasizes, that seniorpreschool age is the most favorable for upbringing thrift (economy).Theanalysisofgeneralandspecialpedagogical, psychological, methodological literature is carried out through the question of upbringing thriftofchildrenofseniorpreschool age.Сonsiderable attention is paid to the analysis of state educational programs. The article introduces the results of pedagogical experiment concerning children’s understanding the thrift concept. This analysis shows necessity of upbringing thrift (economy) in the children of the elder pre-school age.During the experiment children had to answer the following questions: What is thrift? Do you need to be economical?Why do you need to take care of toys? What are natural resources? How and why should they be protected? What are utilities? Why do you need to save water, light and warm? Why should you save time? Based on the responses of children the author draws a conclusion that theirunderstanding of the thrift concept is not well-established. The paper considers the problem of upbringing thriftof preschool children in the process of economic education according to Aflatot International programme, the Netherlands (programme that is based on holistic teaching methods that embrace both social and financial elements,teach children about saving, budgeting, planning and how they can achieve their goals) in the conditions of preschool education institutions and at home.One of five program modules is called “Savings and Expenses” and is devoted to the education of thrift skills. Taking into account the results of the first stage of the study, further work will be aimed at ensuring the professionalism of teachers in the formation of thrift skills among preschool children through the involvement into Aflatot International programme.
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