The Department of Conservation at the Academy of Fine Arts, Warsaw was founded in 1947 as the first post-war modern faculty of conservation. Its p rogramme has been outlined by Professor Bohdan Marconi, who at the same time is to be mentioned as the founder of the faculty itself. The programme outlines in principle remained unchanged up to the p resent day although, as the time passed, they have been considerably extended. The chief objective of programme consisted in train in g of conservators able to preserve the paintings, objects of graphic a rt and works of artistic craftsmanship and having special education in technology, chemistry and history of art. In its present form the scope of studies has been confined to the activities of a chair w ith ;in the F a culty of Painting and it covers the following specialized branches: conservation of easel and mural paintings and of polychromed sculpture, conservation of works of graphic art, ancient books and manuscripts, conservation of sculpture and architectural details. It is intended to create in the future the laboratory for conservation of pieces of artistic craftsmanship. In addition to usual lectures and exercises in p a rticular specializations all the students are obliged to 1 hear the lectures and p a r t:cipate in exercises conducted in painting, cppying, drawing, chemistry, special photography, documentation, history of a rt and those devoted to museology. Besides, the students should also pass a special cycle of lectures in microbiology and spectrography and spend a certain amount of time on practices during th e :r summer holidays. The diploma work normally comprises the independently executed conservation of an object, accompanied by a complete documentation based on knowledge of the history of art, its attribution, and p re paring a copy using the original techniques. It seems to the author to be desirable to introduce the post-graduation practices which were many times postulated a t various conferences. The Chair of Conservation closely co-operates with the National Museum, Warsaw, the National Library and the State Enterprise for Conservation of Art as well as with several other museums and educational institutions as, e.g. the High School of Agriculture, Warsaw or Technical University. Up to the present day some ninety conservators with different specializations have left the Warsaw High School of Arts.