Wolny wilkierz manów weichbildu i miasta Zielonej Góry z 1418 roku
The free city statute (wilkierz) of landowners of weichbild and the city of Zielona Góra (1418)
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The weichbild of Zielona Góra and the city of Zielona Góra appeared relatively late in written sources — at the turn of the fourteenth century. We find out about the city’s law only from the document of prince of Żagań (1323), which granted the municipal law of Krosno. Its contents, with some exceptions for regulations on economic and trade matters, is unknown. Little is known about the rights of landowners and residents of the villages belonging to the weichbild, except that the primary, customary Polish law was gradually replaced by German law, partly written (Sachsenspiegel) but also to a large extent, customary. For this reason, the so-called free city statute (wilkierz) (Freye Willkühr) written down by landowners and by the city of Zielona Góra, confirmed by the Dukes of Głogów in 1418, deserves special attention. The city statute regulated, in a succinct form, the basic principles of matrimonial and inheritance law, forming a system known as the marital community of property (Güter = Gemeinschaft, communio bonorum). Initially, it concerned not only townspeople and peasants but also landowners. It is noteworthy that for very long, because until the nineteenth century, this city statute (wilkierz) was in force in the towns and villages of the district (Kreis) Zielona Góra, as a so-called local law (Premise = Recht).
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