2016 | 4 | 12-23
Article title

Brexit – tło ekonomiczne i społeczne

Title variants
Brexit – the Economic and Social Background
Languages of publication
Celem artykułu jest przedstawienie ekonomicznej i społecznej inter-pretacji wyników referendum zorganizowanego w czerwcu 2016 r. w sprawie dalszego członkostwa Wielkiej Brytanii w Unii Europejskiej. Przyczyn zwycięstwa zwolenników Brexitu upatruje się w strukturalnych problemach gospodarki brytyjskiej, w utracie międzynarodowej konkurencyjności, dezindustrializacji, niedoinwestowaniu oraz rozwar-stwieniu społecznym, za które w dyskursie politycznym winą obarczono członkostwo w UE. Wstępne analizy sugerują, że przestrzenne zróżnico-wanie wyników referendum można do pewnego stopnia wytłumaczyć różnicami w czynnikach rozwoju społeczno-ekonomicznego poszczegól-nych regionów Wielkiej Brytanii. Słowa kluczowe: Brexit, kryzys finansowy, cenowe dostosowania na ryn-ku pracy, ilościowe dostosowania na rynku pracy, międzynarodowa kon-kurencyjność, nierówności dochodowe.
The aim of the article is to present the economic and social interpreta-tion to the results of the European Union membership referendum held in the United Kingdom in June 2016. The article argues that the victory of the Leave campaign can be traced down to structural problems of the UK economy, i.a. the loss of international competitiveness, deindustrialisa-tion, underinvestment and social inequality, that were blamed in the political discourse on the EU mem-bership. Preliminary analysis suggests that to some extent the heteroge-neity of the referendum results at the regional level can be explained by heterogeneity in economic and social factors.
Physical description
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