ФОРМУВАННЯ НАЦІОНАЛЬНО-СОЦІАЛЬНИХ КОМПЕТЕНТНОСТЕЙ ШКОЛЯРІВ НА УРОКАХ УКРАЇНСЬКОЇ ЛІТЕРАТУРИ
Formation of the national and social competence of schoolchildren at Ukrainian literature lessons
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The article outlines methodological problem of essential social competences formation by means of Ukrainian literature with emphasis on national features of Ukrainian people and the challenges of our time concerning national-patriotic education particularly in the study of art works of Ukrainian literature. The author offers specific, tested in the learning process ways of implementation of competence approach at the Ukrainian literature lessons, methods of interactive and group learning for activity-based lessons, innovative techniques, technologies, that would help all subjects of activity to realize educational objectives, create an individually oriented atmosphere of democratic and effective learning. We constantly see that the modern methodological science is updated very quickly. It is necessary to constantly perceive the new technologies, teaching models, educational approaches, combine them, provide them with practical guidance, supplement and implement them. The article refers to the competence approach implementation, which is now seen by teachers as one of advanced ways that directs the educational process to achieve the results, i.e. formation of the core competences of graduates in general and specialized subjects. The author points out the approaches to the social competences formation taking national traits, features of character, mentality of the Ukrainian people into account. Those are clearly reflected in the works of Ukrainian art, because this issue was not given the necessary attention in theoretical works and practical research of scientists and methodologists. Literary education is an important factor in the education of the citizen-patriot of Ukraine; Ukrainian literature is a powerful carrier of identity of Ukrainian nation and language of its genetic code. Methods, techniques and objectives, proposed by the author of the article, could be used by philologists in their practice; some of the author’s assertions may encourage teachers to research activities. The materials of this article can be used by the teachers-philologists for realization of the competence approach to teaching the lessons of Ukrainian literature, specific methods, techniques, and tasks will help teachers in practical activity with the purpose of formation of pupil’ national and social competencies.
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