Синестезия в пространстве художественного творчества (Александр Скрябин и Владимир Набоков)
Synesthesia in the space of artistic creation(Alexander Scriabin and Vladimir Nabokov)
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One of the most mysterious phenomena that accompany the process of artistic creation — synesthesia, in which there is a special way of sensory experiences in the perception of characters. In the history of Russian art of the twentieth century, there are two people who have developed a synesthetic experience in their works so that they have become for them a special way of entering the world of creation, namely the composer Alexander Scriabin and the writer Vladimir Nabokov. Both masters early realized their uniqueness recognizing in synesthesia a sign of their exclusivity. In the paper the emphasis is put on two artistic strategies relying on synesthesia. The central place in Scriabin’s oeuvre is occupied by a symphonic poem Prometheus (Poem of Fire) (1910), which was conceived by the composer with a special performing description Luce (meaning Light) and is nowadays sometimes performed with the use of lumiere. The power of Nabokov’s synesthesia sensitivity was clearly shown in the memoirs Speak, Memory.
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