PL EN


Journal
2017 | 3 | 10 | 2001-2006
Article title

Synthesis and Characterization of Natural Sensitizers for Dye Sensitized Solar Cells

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Natural dyes of anthocyanin extract from flame tree flower (Delonix regia) and chlorophyll extract from pawpaw leaf (Carica papaya) were used as sensitizer to fabricate dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC). The photoelectrode were subjected to UV/Vis spectrophotometer to view their absorbability. The photo electrochemical performances of DSSCs obtained from I.V characteristics showed conversion efficiency, (ɳ) of 0.80 % for the dye extracts from flame tree flower (anthocyanine), with open-circuit voltage (VOC) of 0.5249 mV, short-circuit current density (Isc) of 44.6191 mA/m2 and Fill factor (FF) of 0.5837. Chlorophyll dyes extract from pawpaw leaf has VOC, Isc, FF and conversion efficiency, (ɳ) of 0.5249 mV, 16.5283 mA/m2, 0.5585 and 0.27 % respectively. The conversion efficiency for the mixed dyes (anthocyanin and chlorophyll) at ratio 1:2 is 0.23 % with VOC, Isc and FF of 0.5500 mV, 14.2750 mA/m2 and 0.5451 respectively, while the dye mixture at ratio 1:4 achieved VOC of 0.5249 mV, Isc of 18.4941 mA/m2, FF of 0.5206 and conversion efficiency (ɳ) of 0.26 %. Anthocyanine from flame tree flower dye extract had the higher conversion efficiency of 0.8 % which could be better in term of application in dye solar cell.
Journal
Year
Volume
3
Issue
10
Pages
2001-2006
Physical description
Dates
published
2017-10-20
Contributors
  • Federal University of Technology Minna
  • Federal University of Technology Minna
  • Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University Lapai
  • Umaru Waziri Federal Polytechnics
  • Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
References
  • Chang, H., Kao, M.-J., Chen, T.-L., Kuo, C.-G., Cho, K.-C., & Lin, X.-P. (2010). Natural Sensitizer for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Using Three Layers of Photoelectrode Thin Films with a Schottky Barrier. American Journal of Nanotechnology, 1(1), 13–22. doi: 10.3844/ajnsp.2010.13.22
  • Osman, U. M., Farizal, A. S. N., Razali, M. H., & Salleh, H. (2017). Synthesis of Nano Crystalline 1-[2-(Trifluoro-Methyl) Benzylidene] Thiosemicarbazide with D-π-A Architecture towards Dyes Sensitized Solar Cells. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 12(9), 2506–2511.
  • Isah, K. U., Ahmadu, U., Idris, A., Kimpa, M. I., Uno, U. E., Ndamitso, M. M., & Alu, N. (2014). Betalain pigments as natural photosensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells: the effect of dye pH on the photoelectric parameters. Materials for Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 4(1). doi: 10.1007/s40243-014-0039-0
  • Pradhan, B., Batabyal, S. K., & Pal, A. J. (2007). Vertically aligned ZnO nanowire arrays in Rose Bengal-based dye-sensitized solar cells. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 91(9), 769–773. doi: 10.1016/j.solmat.2007.01.006
  • Zhou, H., Wu, L., Gao, Y., & Ma, T. (2011). Dye-sensitized solar cells using 20 natural dyes as sensitizers. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 219(2-3), 188–194. doi: 10.1016/j.jphotochem.2011.02.008
  • Furukawa, S., Iino, H., Iwamoto, T., Kukita, K., & Yamauchi, S. (2009). Characteristics of dye-sensitized solar cells using natural dye. Thin Solid Films, 518(2), 526–529. doi: 10.1016/j.tsf.2009.07.045
  • Isah Kimpa, M., Momoh, M., Uthman Isah, K., Nawawi Yahya, H., & Muhammed Ndamitso, M. (2012). Photoelectric Characterization of Dye Sensitized Solar Cells Using Natural Dye from Pawpaw Leaf and Flame Tree Flower as Sensitizers. Materials Sciences and Applications, 03(05), 281–286. doi: 10.4236/msa.2012.35041
  • Chang, H., Wu, H. M., Chen, T. L., Huang, K. D., Jwo, C. S., & Lo, Y. J. (2010). Dye-sensitized solar cell using natural dyes extracted from spinach and ipomoea. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 495(2), 606–610. doi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2009.10.057
  • Nair, G., Ramli, S., Irwanto, M., Yusoff, M. I., Fitra, M., Hashim, U., & Mariun, N. (2014). Fabrication of Organic Dye Sensitized Solar Cell. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 699, 516–521. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/amm.699.516
  • Kimpa, M. I. (2012). Fabrication and Analysis of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Using Natural Dyes Extracted from Pawpaw Leaf and Flame Tree Flower and their Synthetic Ruthenium Dye (Master’s Degree Dissertation). Sokoto: Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-2648bf0b-07b0-46c4-8e20-3032cb052f50
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