Вклад представителей варшавской славистической школы в развитие российской кроатистики
The contribution of representatives of Warsaw Slavistic school to development of Croatian studies in Russia
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This article is devoted to contribution of representatives of Warsaw Slavistic school to development of Croatian studies in Russia. Among these academicians who researched the history and culture of Croatia were K. Ya. Grot, V.V. Makushev and P.A. Kulakovskiy. The Grot’s sphere of interests was closely connected with Croatian history of the early Middle Ages. He devoted the monograph to the main historical source about this period, the Byzant emperor Constantine VII’s work “On the governance of the Empire”. Grot attentively analyzed the text of the source and gave the conclusion about more progressive economical development of the Croatian people, compared with Serbs. He did not blame the Croats for their orientation to Catholic Rome and did not evaluate it as a step in the wrong direction. Makushev seriuosly studied the history of Dubrovnik and its relationship with Russia. Although the historian sharply criticized the discrimination of Orthodox polulation in Dubrovnik, he also marked the positive sides of relations between Dubrovnik and Russia, for example, the spread of Slavic mutuality and Russophile ideas among the educated Dubrovnician people. The main monograph of Kulakovskiy deals with the Illyrian movement which was not so deeply and seriously researched of Russian slavists before. He particularly noted the courage of Illyrians who refused to use their Kajkavian dialect and accepted the Shtokavian dialect in the name of creation of united literary language of the South Slavs. Kulakovskiy also marked the political importance of Illyrism as the part of Croatian national revival and the way of struggle against Hungarisation. These problems of Croatian history and culture were in the first time seriously researched precisely in the works of Warsaw slavists.
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