Full-text resources of CEJSH and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


2012 | 19 | 93-115

Article title

Innowacyjność a konkurencyjność regionalna krajów Grupy Wyszehradzkiej w latach 1999–2008



Title variants

Innovation and regional competitiveness in the Visegrad Group, 1999–2008

Languages of publication



The paper relates to factors determining regional competitiveness in Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia – the new EU Member States and the Visegrad Group States. In terms of economy, there have been both similarities and wide disparities between these countries. Similarities are due to the socialist economy, which shaped their economic and social systems for several decades. Differences are caused, among others, by cultural factors underlying economic development, administrative and institutional arrangements underpinned by different legal systems, and dissimilar spatial structures. The empirical analysis focuses on innovation as a very important determinant of regional competitiveness because of its substantial impact on productivity. Data basically originate from two different sources: Eurostat Regional Statistics and OECD Regional Database. To avoid generalisations across various types of regions, and using the regional data for the years 1999–2008, I try to indicate regions defined as knowledge hubs. In those regions innovation should have stronger impact on competitiveness than in other regions. The results for the Visegrad Group show an increasing dispersion of regional GDP at NUTS 2, faster development of capital city regions and other big agglomerations, and diversity of regional innovativeness. There is a correlation between innovation indicators (R&D expenditures and patent applications to EPO) and the growth of regional GDP per capita.


  • Katedra Ekonomiki Integracji Europejskie, Wydział Ekonomiczny, Uniwersytet Gdański


  • Asheim B.T., Smith H.L., Oughton Ch., 2011, Regional Innovation Systems: Theory, Empirics and Policy, Regional Studies, vol. 45, no 7, s. 875–891.
  • Asheim B.T., Coenen L., 2005, Knowledge bases and regional innovation systems: comparing Nordic clusters, Research Policy, 34, s. 1173–1190.
  • Bąk M., Kulawczuk P., Szcześniak A., 2004, Bariery rozwoju dziedzin opartych na wiedzy w Europie Centralnej. Strategie pokonywania barier, Instytut Badań nad Demokracją i Przedsiębiorstwem Prywatnym, Warszawa.
  • Domański B., Guzik R., Micek G., 2003, Zróżnicowanie regionalne krajów Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej i jego zmiany w latach 1995–2000, Biul. Kom. Przestrz. Zagosp. Kraju PAN, nr 204, s. 125–142.
  • Etzkowitz H., 1998, The norms of entrepreneurial science: cognitive effects of the new university-industry linkages, Research Policy, 27, s. 823–833.
  • The Global Competitiveness Report 2010–2011, 2010, World Economic Forum, Geneva.
  • Gorzelak G., 2009, Regional development in Central and Eastern Europe, [w:] P. Blokker, B. Dallago (eds), 2009, Regional diversity and local development in the new member states, Imprint New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Gorzelak G., Jałowiecki B., 2002, European Boundaries: Unity or Division of the Continent?, Journal of the Regional Studies Association, vol. 36, no 4, s. 409–419.
  • Grossman G.M., Helpman E., 1994, Endogenous Innovation in the Theory of Growth, Journal of Economic Perspectives, s. 23–44.
  • Hollanders H., Tarantola S., Loschky A., 2009, Regional Innovation Scoreboard 2009, Innometrix.
  • Maeninig W., Olschlager M., 2011, Innovative Milieux and Regional Competitiveness: The Role of Associations and Chambers of Commerce and Industry in Germany, Regional Studies, vol. 45, no 4, s. 441–452.
  • Meyer-Steamer J., 2008, Systemic Competitiveness and Local Economic Development, paper for publication in S. Bodhanya (ed.), Large Scale Systemic Change: Theories, Modelling and Practices, Duisburg.
  • Rodríguez-Pose A., Crescenzi R., 2008, Research and development, spillovers, innovation systems, and the genesis of regional growth in Europe, Regional Studies, vol. 42, no 1, s. 51–67.
  • Rozmus A., Cyran K., 2009, Finansowanie działalności badawczo-rozwojowej w Polsce i innych krajach – diagnoza i próba oceny, eFinanse finansowy kwartalnik internetowy, nr 4.
  • Shearmur R., Bonnet N., 2011, Does local technological innovation lead to local development? A policy perspective, Regional Science Policy & Practice, vol. 3, no 3.
  • Schumpeter J., 1911, Theorie der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung: eine Untersuchung über Unternehmergewinn, Kapital, Kredit, Zins und den Konjunkturzyklus, Duncker & Humblot, Munich and Leipzig.
  • Sixth Periodic Report on the Social and Economic Situation of Regions in the EU, 1999, European Commission.
  • A Study of the Factors of Regional Competitiveness. A draft final report for the European Commission,Directorate-General Regional Policy, Ecorys, Rotterdam, http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/studies/pdf/3cr/competitiveness.pdf
  • Vieira E., Neirad I., Vázquez E., 2011, Productivity and Innovation Economy: Comparative Analysis of European NUTS 2, 1995–2004, Regional Studies, vol. 45, no 9, s. 1269–1286.

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.