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2007 | 12 | 2 | 293-312
Article title

The Positive and Negative Rights of Pre-Natal Organisms and Infants/Children in Virtue of their Potentiality for Autonomous Agency

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Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
In this paper, a rights-based argument for the impermissibility of abortion, infanticide and neglect of some pre-natal organisms and infants/children is advanced. I argue, in opposition to most rights-ethicists, that the potentiality for autonomous agency gives individuals negative rights. I also examine the conjecture that potential autonomous agents have positive rights in virtue of their vulnerability. According to this suggestion, once an individual obtains actual autonomous agency, he or she has merely negative rights. Possible solutions to conflicts of rights between parents and their offspring are investigated. Finally, I discuss a lexical order between positive and negative rights, which may solve conflicts between the rights of potential autonomous agents and actual autonomous agents.
Year
Volume
12
Issue
2
Pages
293-312
Physical description
Dates
published
2007
Contributors
  • Stockholm University
References
  • Fisher, John Andrew. “Why Potentiality Does Not Matter: A Reply to Stone.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 24, no. 2 (1994): 261–279.
  • Gewirth, Alan. Reason and Morality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.
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  • Shoemaker, Sydney, and Richard Swinburne. Personal identity. Oxford: Blackwell, 1984.
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  • Stone, Jim. “Why Potentiality Still Matters.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 24, no. 2 (1994): 281–293. doi:10.2307/40231866.
  • Stretton, Dean. “The Deprivation Argument Against Abortion.” Bioethics 18, no. 2 (2004):144–180.
  • Thomson, Judith Jarvis. “A Defence of Abortion.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 1, no. 1 (1971): 47–66. doi:10.2307/2265091.
  • Tooley, Michael. “Abortion and Infanticide.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 2, no. 1 (1972): 37–65. doi:10.2307/2264919.
  • Tooley, Michael. Abortion and Infanticide. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
URI
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=31609805&lang=pl&site=ehost-live
URI
http://www.pdcnet.org/pdc/bvdb.nsf/purchase?openform&fp=forphil&id=forphil_2007_0012_0002_0293_0312
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-26fe359a-c48c-44eb-842b-d27582c97ce2
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