СПЕЦИФІКА ФОРМУВАННЯ ОСОБИСТОСТІ В ЕТНІЧНИХ СТУДЕНТСЬКИХ ТОВАРИСТВАХ БУКОВИНИ АВСТРО-УГОРСЬКОГО ТА РУМУНСЬКОГО ПЕРІОДІВ
Specific features of the personality formation in ethnic students’ societies of Bukovyna in Austro-Hungarian and Romanian periods.
Languages of publication
The purpose of this study, determined by the author, was to analyze the objective, tasks, regularities and peculiarities of the educational activities of ethnic student organizations operating in Chernivtsi University in the Austro-Hungarian and Romanian historical periods. The author states that students of Bukovyna University represented all the basic ethnic groups of the region, and, of course, its representatives became the most active members of the social movement. The main components of the education of such ethnic student societies as the Romanian “Arboroasa” (22.12.1875), “Junimea” (“Youth”, December 1878), German corps “Gotia” (13.05.1987), “Dacia” (1876), “Alemania” (13.05.1877), Polish “Ognisko” (December 27, 1877), etc. were considered in the article. The popularity of the first Romanian student association “Arboroasa” is proved by the following data: 44 out of 54 Romanian students immediately expressed a desire to become its members. The purpose of this society’s activity was to bring up intelligent, cultural members of the society with a well-defined national identity, as well as the development of charity in a social context. Based on the statute, their main directions were identified as patriotic, cultural and educational, charitable and entertaining. The main forms of activity were: conferences on national history and literature, outgoing literary and musical evenings. The purpose of this society’s activity was to bring up intelligent, cultural members of the society with a well-defined national identity, as well as the development of charity in a social context. Based on the statute, their main directions were identified as patriotic, cultural and educational, charitable and entertaining. The author examines in detail the reasons for the closure of societies, analyzes aspects of the public reaction to this action of the Austro-Hungarian and Romanian authorities, and discusses the historical prospects for the development of the national social movement. The study identified the specifics of the above-mentioned societies: social patronage of socially unprotected youth and students (“Junimea”), support of the university authorities allowed the society to introduce, in addition to classical forms of activity, “expensive” forms of activity: celebrations, national holidays and balls (German societies).
Publication order reference