Stan i potrzeby zabytków Cieszyna
THE ACTUAL STATE AND NEEDS OF CULTURAL|[PROPERTIES IN THE TOWN OF CIESZYN
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The author deals with problems connected with the preservation of cultural properties in the town of Cieszyn discussing in detail the particular buildings, starting from the Romanesque St. Nicholas rotunda through the Gothic townscape arrangements (going back to the 14th century), including such representative focal points as the „Piastowska” Tower or Black Friars Church up to the Renaissance burgher houses and the Baroque edifices of high architectural and historical interest. To be mentioned here deserve also some Neo-classical buildings as, for instance, the Larisch palace with its richly decorated interiors. The whole agglomeration of the town’s cultural properties is composed of buildings situated on the Castle Hill, eix churches and 150 houses. Actual state of preservation of Cieszyn cultural properties may cause well-reasoned misgivings about their future fates. A serious danger for them consists in emergence of ground waters, the advanced humidification and cracking of walls as well as in decay of plasters due to excessive salting. As by no means lesser as to their destructive effects are to be considered unapropriate use, reconstructions and repairs carried out in cultural properties in a manner not concurring with the conservator’s viewpoint. The wrongly planned construction of new buildings r e sults in disappearance of ancient town planning and historical pattern of the town. In this connection the author points to the necessity to undertake the many-step works which should be carried out at least within the two following stages: 1) scientific research accompanied by a town planning survey and historical documentation of more important objects, 2) working out of conservation projects. A stress should be laid on the fact that the problem of preserving of Cieszyn cultural properties is tightly bound with tourism as the town is sited on important touring route. Thus the author suggests the need to publish a guide book devoted to Cieszyn and its environments and to highlight the most interesting objects in collaboration with art historians аб consultants. A conclusion may be drawn that problems and conditions discussed by the author represent, unfortunately enough, by far not a solitary instance. Decrements in the monumental architecture substance, unappropriate repaire and „modernization” attempts can also be observed in other towns in this country. As the measures for bettering the situation might be proposed the accelerating of inventory and conservator’s recording works on cultural property as well as an appointment of District Conservator responsible for steady care over the Cieszyn historical monuments.
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