PL EN


2014 | XCIII (93) | 139-155
Article title

Stawki podatków dochodowych od osób fizycznych i prawnych w krajach Unii Europejskiej i wybranych rajach podatkowych a bezpośrednie inwestycje zagraniczne

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
Personal and corporate income tax rates in the European Union and selected tax havens and foreign direct investment
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
Tax competition is defined as the use of tax policy that will allow to maintain or increase the attractiveness of a particular territory for business location. Tax competition is used especially by the relatively under-developed countries, as foreign capital inflow gives them the possibility to implement modern technology, new management methods or to increase exports. One of the effects of tax competition is the formation of tax havens, countries or territories using preferential tax rates in order to gain capital from abroad. Comparative analysis of the income tax rates in the EU countries and certain tax havens shows that despite the progressive reduction of the rates of these taxes in the EU, the phenomenon of tax competition is still very strong, and the position of tax havens as countries with relatively low or very low taxes seems to be unthreatened. Conducted empirical studies, however, show that tax competition does not significantly affect the volume of foreign direct investment, and the amount of the nominal rate of corporate income tax is not critical to the decision of potential investors. Favorable investment climate is not determined only by the properties of the tax system, but it also depends on other factors. Therefore relatively highly developed countries should increase their efforts to intensify competition for capital through the use of factors other than low taxes, for example political stability, relatively low labor costs, transparent and unambiguous legislation supporting the development of business, simple procedures to enable start a business and promoting the development of entrepreneurship, good cooperation with local and central authorities, the development of road infrastructure and telecommunications / internet, highly skilled workforce and quality of land for investment.
Year
Volume
Pages
139-155
Physical description
Dates
published
2014
Contributors
  • Katedra Funkcjonowania Gospodarki, Instytut Ekonomii, Wydział Ekonomiczno-Socjologiczny, Uniwersytet Łódzki, jdzialo@uni.lodz.pl
References
  • Benassy-Quere A., Fontagne L., Lahreche-Revil A., Tax Competition and Foreign Direct Investment, CF.PII Working Papers 2003/17, s. 1–40.
  • Bryndziak S., Konkurencja podatkowa wśród krajów Unii Europejskiej na przykładzie podatku dochodowego od osób prawnych, Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Oeconomica 2013/279, s. 111–126.
  • Carstensen K., Toubal F., Foreign Direct Investment in Central and Eastern European Countries. A Dynamic Panel Analysis, Journal of Comparative Economics 2004/32, s. 1–27.
  • Durinova I., Corporate income taxation in the new member states of the European Union BIATEC 2006/XIV/7, s. 24–27.
  • Głuchowski J., Polskie prawo podatkowe, LexixNexis, Warszawa 2006.
  • Głuchowski J., Sojusz dla korzyści – współdziałanie oaz podatkowych, [w:] J. Komar (red.), Koncepcje współczesnych reform podatkowych. Europa na drodze do wspólnej waluty, Wyd. WSB, Poznań 1998.
  • Harmful Tax Competition: An Emerging Global Issue, OECD, Paris 1998.
  • Benassy-Quere A., Fontagne L., Lahreche-Revil A., Tax Competition and Foreign Direct Investment, CF.PII Working Papers 2003/17, s. 1–40.
  • Bryndziak S., Konkurencja podatkowa wśród krajów Unii Europejskiej na przykładzie podatku dochodowego od osób prawnych, Acta Universitatis Lodziensis, Folia Oeconomica 2013/279, s. 111–126.
  • Carstensen K., Toubal F., Foreign Direct Investment in Central and Eastern European Countries. A Dynamic Panel Analysis, Journal of Comparative Economics 2004/32, s. 1–27.
  • Durinova I., Corporate income taxation in the new member states of the European Union BIATEC 2006/XIV/7, s. 24–27.
  • Głuchowski J., Polskie prawo podatkowe, LexixNexis, Warszawa 2006.
  • Głuchowski J., Sojusz dla korzyści – współdziałanie oaz podatkowych, [w:] J. Komar (red.), Koncepcje współczesnych reform podatkowych. Europa na drodze do wspólnej waluty, Wyd. WSB, Poznań 1998.
  • Harmful Tax Competition: An Emerging Global Issue, OECD, Paris 1998.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-27fc70c5-c649-411e-8d57-b160b97672a4
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