UBÓSTWO W POLSCE W OSTATNIEJ DEKADZIE XX W.
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Changes in Polish system at the beginning of 90's brought about decline in real incomes and increase of unemployment. Simultaneously the state reduced its presence on a social field. There was a decentralization in scope of social policy. In practice it turned on that self-governments were not able to fulfill the induced duties. Thus it led in many cases to limiting services in social sphere. Within next years of economic development in Poland we may again observe the increase of people living in households (sińce 1997) whose level of expenses lower than accepted poverty line. It happened together with an average improvement of financial situation of society in generał, together with the increase of real level of incomes and expenses. We observe now an increase in stratification of society and aprocess of spacious marginalization. It is manifested by moving of individuals or whole families from better to worse district because of inability to pay rent. Another phenomenon is also connected with this process so-called "ghettos" which are poor districts in smali towns where due to closing up some factories or work places too poor citizens are not able to leave their homes (high ticket prices, inability to look for a job outside the place of living, too far to get to work). This phenomenon cause an increase of different social pathologies, reduction of contacts with the rest of society, separation from social life. Poverty in Poland is mainly related to the lack of education, Iow aualifications, not having a job or Iow income. Poverty touches most severely the unemployed and their families, families with many children, single mothers with children, the old, immigrants and people belonging to so-called social pathology groups.
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