СИСТЕМА ФОРМУВАННЯ ДОСЛІДНИЦЬКИХ УМІНЬ МАЙБУТНІХ УЧИТЕЛІВ ПРИРОДНИЧИХ ДИСЦИПЛІН
System the future sciences teachers’ research competence formation
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The object of the article is to substantiate the formation of the system of research skills of future sciences teachers that promotes the integration of ensuring quality of scientific and educational activity of students in the process of acquiring their professional competences. There have been used the complex of theoretical and empirical methods of pedagogical research. There has been proposed the innovative system of formation of research skills of future sciences teachers according to which the research component is included in the training activities of learning subject as a constant organic component. It is implemented by the following stages: motivation and target; information and procedure; organization and activity; reflexive and correction; result and evaluation. The specificity of the system lies in the features of the biological knowledge of the object and methodology, as well as in the combination of direct and indirect ways of formation of research skills as a hierarchical structure. Research conditions of higher biological education have been determined: the use of innovative learning technologies through a combination of research, simulation and activity-elements; ensuring the formation of rational thinking, reflexivity; innovativeness of students and teachers in the system of partnership in the process of carrying out research and educational activities; updating content and activity components. The practical significance is to develop: the functional structure of the interpenetration of academic and research activities; methods of diagnosis and consideration of results of scientific activities in the assessment of academic achievements of students; the forms of stimulation of scientific activity – honors, awards (scholarships, grants), the scientific business trips, etc. Research conditions of the biological education parameters have been determined: the use of innovative learning technologies through a combination of research, simulation and activity-elements; ensuring the formation of rational thinking, reflexivity; implementing the innovation policy by both a teacher and a student (updating and development of content and activity components of education, media, develop skills simulation of natural processes. The further study of the parameters are promising to solve the problem of integrating science and education.
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