Struktura nazw rzek środkowej Rosji w XVI w.
THE STRUCTURE OF RIVER NAMES OF CENTRAL RUSSIA IN THE 16th CENTURY
Languages of publication
The subject of the article is a demonstration of the naming system in the names of rivers, small rivers, and streams in the 16th century by presenting structural types and means of creating names of rivers in the area examined. The structural-grammatical classification of S. Rospond is applied, with later modifications that reflect linguistic morphological processes. A distinction is made between 1) names that developed as a result of onymization, 2) names derived suffixally and 3) names in the form of intrapositions. The material studied numbers about 360 hydronyms. Among them are about 290 names derived suffixally (80.6% of the whole), about 50 names that developed as a result of onymization (13.9%), and less than 20 names in the form of intrapositions (5.5%). Names that developed as a result of onymization often have as their base names of terrain objects (Vrazhek, Chasovnya). Names derived suffixally are formed primarily from names of localities (Izmaylovka : Izmaylovo, Sekirka : Sekirino) as well as from terrain objects (Trostenka : trostiye). Noted among the three types of names are those characterizing the water, beds, and banks of rivers (Belaya : belyy, Gryazivaya : gryazivyy, Rzhavka : rzhavyy, Omutna : omut, Sukhaya Gorodenka).
Publication order reference