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It should be noted first of all, that professional ethics is a certain particularisation of general ethics. This particularisation does not mean, however, that in comparison with the general ethics, it addresses minor issues dealing with fragments of reality, or the problems faced by only a certain group of people engaged in particular profession. Problems of professional ethics are basically the same problems which general ethics is trying to solve, the same in the sense that there is no difference between general values and the values realized by exercising a profession or difference between moral virtues in general and the virtues which appear to be particularly important for those practicing a specific profession. Truth, for example, is a moral value, irrespective of whether it is the truth within the understanding of a journalist, teacher or doctor, as well as truthfulness is a virtue, regardless of whether it is a truthful journalist, doctor, etc. This also means that any decisions made within professional ethics are also valid for all members of the community. Recognizing for example that one of the basic moral standards of medical ethics is the duty of concern for the patient, we recognize at the same time, that this injunction applies in all situations in which one man’s welfare depends on the behaviour of another. The primary objective of professional ethics is not, therefore, to determine moral standards for situations that happen only sporadically in everyday life of the most people, and which therefore would apply primarily within the relevant professional groups.
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