Modernization of the education system, including primary school is possible for change approaches to preparing competitive specialist. At this time takes place the transformation of personal and professional requirements for training a primary school teacher, based on the principles of active, learner-centered, competence approaches. The content of training for primary school provides the integration of theoretical and practical component input to curriculum research components which in turn updates the formation of research competence of a primary school teacher. The analysis made it possible to find sources of theoretical approaches of contemporary Ukrainian researchers to determine the nature and structure of the concept of «research competence». Itwasestablishedthatinthemodernscientificusetheterm «researchcompetence» hasnosingleinterpretation.However, most researchers are unanimous in their opinion that this concept is an integrated quality of individual, which promotes the formation ability of future primary school teachers to carry out research, simulate processes and phenomena based on acquired knowledge. It is important for disclosures of the outlined problem is to determine the structure of the research competence. The article is based on research competence framework developed by H. Ivanyuk, which provides: methodological, motivational-value, procedural, technical and reflective components. The paper presented the experience of forming research competence of a primary school teacher in the process of historical and pedagogical studies functioning.Participation of students in the historical and pedagogical studies contributes to the development of their research competencies such as: the ability to work with historical and pedagogical sources, analyze, differentiate, compile, simulate processes and phenomena, design the algorithm of their own research activities.Formation of research competence takes place in the process of research work of students at the Pedagogical Museum of Ukraine, archival institutions and libraries.Publicationofthedataoccursinthecourseofteachingsessionsof HistoricalStudies, whilewritingstudentpapers, bachelor's, master'stheses. Beliefs mobility, the ability to produce new ideas, introduce new technologies and adapt learning to model and design the learning environment are indicators of research competence, which is formed in the process of studying academic disciplines, and in the operation of this form of extracurricular work as historical and pedagogicalstudies.