РОЗВИТОК ФОРМ І МЕТОДІВ ОРГАНІЗАЦІЇ ДОЗВІЛЛЄВОЇ АКТИВНОСТІ МОЛОДІ: ВІТЧИЗНЯНИЙ ДОСВІД 60–90-Х РР. ХХ. СТ.
The development of forms and methods of recreational activity of young people: national experience of the 60- 90 – ies of the XX-th century
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The analysis of scientific and pedagogical literature gives the reason to the author of this article to consider leisure as an important area of personal development of a young person who contributes to the scientific outlook, political and moral culture of young people, their aesthetic views and tastes; producing ability to defend the ideals and spiritual values, to support the provision of health and others. The development of the forms and methods of leisure of student youth in 60-90 years of the twentieth century are highlighted in the article due to the historical and pedagogical aspects. The methods of cultural and leisure activities are disclosed in the context of strengthening the effectiveness of cultural institutions and educational institutions as methods, techniques, ways of communicating socially valuable cultural and educational content for children, youth and adults during leisure time, enhance their self-development, cohesion and encourage collective creativity; form as key ways of organizing leisure time of young people, the most important component of the methodology of cultural and leisure activities. The leading forms and methods of work with students at their leisure in the 60-90-s of the XX century are defined, just at a time when there was the transformation of the sphere of leisure activities of young people (the transformation of forms, from a formal, ideological centralized to a more flexible and sensitive to the interests of young people based on the principles of self-management). Leisure activity was based on clearly defined methodological basis, the choice of methods and techniques depended on the content of leisure and general direction of the institutions of culture and education. At the mentioned period of time the accumulated experience of leisure activities with young people in different social institutions, clubs, palaces of art, culture houses, libraries, museums and institutions of higher education in the organization of work with young people were able to compete with the centers of culture and school facilities. Considerable interest today is gained in-depth study of practical and methodological experience of youth club movement of 60-90-ies of the twentieth century that provided the enhancement of cultural and intellectual level of young people gaining skills creativity and infor¬mal communication, stimulated the initiative of young people, directing it in the positive social direction. This paper analyzes in details the development of youth clubs and groups in the period. .
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