Społeczeństwo cywilne w Polsce po 25 latach
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Civil Society in Poland after Twenty-Five Years
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The article is the author’s own description of the evolution of forms of organized activity of Poles based on a four-field interpretative matrix inspired by the assumptions of the so-called old institutionalism. The author analyzes one by one the following issues: 1) paradox of exogenous sources of evolution of the institutional framework of a civil society and a simultaneous continuity of the phenomenon; 2) consequences of subjecting the non-governmental sector to the model of financing based on the principle of subsidiarity; 3) motives and motivations for engaging in the activity of an organization; and 4) strategies of action which (do not) include organized forms of activity. The author identifies factors responsible for the underdevelopment of the non-governmental sector in Poland twenty-five years after political and economic system transformation compared to central European post-communist societies. The empirical basis of the analysis comprises data contained in the „Social Diagnosis” ("Diagnoza społeczna"), reports of the Centre for Public Opinion Research, applications of research projects realized in Poznań in 2005 and 2010 as well as international comparative analyses developed in the milieu of scholars participating in the "Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project".
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