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2015 | 7(51) | 352-360

Article title


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The role of gymnastic exercises in therapy of hearing-impaired children

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The peculiarities of physical development of children with hearing impairments are under review in the article. Studies on this problem, domestic and foreign experts from the physical, pedagogical, psychological, correctional-rehabilitation areas have been analyzed. The authors argue that deaf and hearing-impaired children with early acquired or congenital impaired hearing static and locomotor functions are lagged behind in their development. The greatest peculiarity in the development of motor skills in children with hearing loss is noted in the levels of speed and balance. Many hearing-impaired and deaf children have got typical disorders of fine motor skills (movements of fingers, vocal chords), which are reflected in the future on the formation of different types of kids’ activities. Nowadays there is constantly increasing interest in the education of hearing-impaired children. Physical education for children with hearing impairments is one of the most important directions of correctional-pedagogic work in close connection with all other sides of education and training. It is known that child’s normal physical and mental development requires physical activity, moreover mastering the basic movements for children with hearing impairments is very important. For this with hearing-impaired children are held morning exercises, classes in physical education, outdoor games, sports minute, and the time for children’s independent motor activity also is set aside. Physical education for children with hearing impairments are aimed at protecting and promoting the health, harmonious physical development, hardening the child’s body, development of needs in motor activity, formation of the basic movements and motor skills, correction and prevention of violations of physical development. The expediency of the use of gymnastic exercises in therapy with hearing-impaired children, the kinds of gymnastic exercises, which are used in work with hearing-impaired children are justified in the article. The voice and movement exercises, phonetic rhythms are included here. The role of gymnastic exercises in the processes of correction and prophylaxis of diseases are defined in the text of the publication, and their importance for the process of education and upbringing of this category of children is identified.


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