2012 | 153 | 11-30
Article title

O niejednoznaczności idei pomocy

Title variants
The Ambiguity of the Idea of Assistance
Languages of publication
The idea of assistance is important in philosophy, moral science, and in socialpolitical and economic life. Its generally positive connotation is associated mainly with its clear entanglement in the world of moral values. Assistance and altruistic actions on behalf of others are treated as a differentiator and a fundamental commitment of those who would be called, “good.” Nietzsche and other „masters of suspicion” who refute the myth of transparency and obviousness of the human self questioned the established perception of the idea of assistance. Modern science also brings its contribution to the destruction of the image of this idea, and claims that this idea is incompatible with reality; this brings to light sophisticated forms of selfishness hiding behind the appearance of morality. The position of the idea of assistance can be, nevertheless, rebuilt on a new, extra-moral ground by referring to the findings of contemporary philosophical anthropology. It points at the fundamental importance of assistance in the constituting process of the human species: without the spirit of solidarity, without spontaneous acts of assistance, not only would people never have become fully human, but in general, life in a human form would have had no chance to survive.
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