2014 | 63 (LXIII) | 2 | 93-107
Article title

Mechanisms of attaining professional and managerial positions and gender. The case of Estonia

Title variants
Mechanizmy osiagania pozycji zawodowej i stanowisk kierowniczych a płeć. Przykład Estonii
Languages of publication
In Estonia, gender segregation and the gender wage gap are the greatest in Europe [European Institute for Gender Equality 2013]. Previous research shows that men and women also have to use different strategies to reach the highest positions in the labour market [Roots 2011a; Titma, Roots and Soidla 2010]. The data about Estonia in the European Social Survey 2010 shows that attainment in one’s occupation of managerial and professional status (occupation attainment) are indeed predicated on different factors, but after adding the variable of gender segregation into the immediate work place the occupation attainment mechanisms of men and women start to resemble each other. Hence, the main reason for the differences in occupational attainment mechanisms is labour market segregation.
Estonia jest krajem, w którym segregacja ze względu na płeć oraz różnice w dochodach kobiet i mężczyzn jest największa w Europie [European Institute for Gender Equality 2013]. Dotychczasowe badania wskazują także, że mężczyźni i kobiety muszą stosować odmienne strategie osiągania najwyższych pozycji na rynku pracy [Roots 2011a; Titma, Roots and Soidla 2010]. Dane dotyczące Estonii z Europejskiego Sondażu Społecznego 2010 pokazują, że choć osiąganie pozycji menedżerów i profesjonalistów jest uwarunkowane rozmaitymi czynnikami, to uwzględnienie segregacji ze względu na płeć jako zmiennej powoduje, że mechanizmy osiągania pozycji zawodowych kobiet i mężczyzn zaczynają kształtować się podobnie. Z tego powodu wydaje się, że głównym czynnikiem różnicującym te mechanizmy jest segregacja na rynku pracy.
Physical description
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