PL EN


2014 | 14 | 3(31) | 265-282
Article title

The economic burden of air pollution impact on health of Warsaw population

Content
Title variants
PL
Koszt społeczny wpływu zanieczyszczenia powietrza na zdrowie mieszkańców Warszawy
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Aim of this study was to assess the annual social cost of air pollution impact on health of Warsaw population. The study consisted of three main parts, i.e. the determination of Warsaw citizens’ exposure to air pollution, the quantification of the health effect as a result of this exposure and the economic evaluation of the assessed health impact. Value of Statistical Life (VSL) derived from Willingness To Pay (WTP) for mortality risk reduction was used to assess the costs of premature mortality, whereas the Cost of Illness (COI) Approach was applied for the estimation of the costs of excessive cardiovascular and respiratory hospitalizations as well as restricted activity days. Thorough search was performed to find the best assessment of VSL for the Warsaw population and finally the value of 1.9 Mio PLN was chosen. Annually, approximately 2 264 premature death cases, 351 839 restricted activity days, 684 and 1 551 excessive hospital admissions due to (respectively) respiratory and cardiovascular problems can be attributed to air pollution. The total costs of air pollution health effects in Warsaw amount to about 4,4 Bn PLN. The cost of air pollution impact on human health is significant. Therefore, more attention should be paid for the integrated environmental health policy, with a focus on cities as a priority.
PL
Celem pracy jest oszacowanie rocznego kosztu wpływu zanieczyszczenia powietrza na zdrowie mieszkańców Warszawy z perspektywy społecznej. Badanie składa się z trzech części: określenia ekspozycji mieszkańców Warszawy na zanieczyszczenie powietrza, kwantyfikacji wynikających z niej skutków zdrowotnych oraz oszacowania ich kosztu. Do wyznaczenia kosztu przedwczesnego zgonu wykorzystano metodę Wyceny Statystycznego Życia (ang. Value of Statistical Life, VSL) opartą na skłonności do płacenia (ang. Willingness To Pay, WTP) za obniżenie ryzyka zgonu. Do wyceny kosztu hospitalizacji z powodu chorób naczyniowo-sercowych i układu oddechowego, a także dni ograniczonej aktywności (ang. restricted activity days), zastosowano podejście Kosztu Choroby (ang. Cost of Illness Approach, COI). Na podstawie analizy wyników dotychczasowych badań przyjęto dla mieszkańców Warszawy wartość VSL na poziomie 1,9 mln PLN. Przeprowadzone obliczenia pozwoliły stwierdzić, że w ciągu roku w Warszawie zanieczyszczenie powietrza stanowi przyczynę około 2264 przedwczesnych zgonów, 351839 dni ograniczonej aktywności, a także 684 i 1551 dodatkowych hospitalizacji z powodu (odpowiednio) chorób układu oddechowego oraz chorób sercowo-naczyniowych. Całkowity koszt negatywnych skutków zanieczyszczenia powietrza w Warszawie oszacowano na około 4,4 mld PLN. Koszt ten jest wysoki, dlatego więcej uwagi powinno się poświęcić zintegrowanej polityce środowiskowej, ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem zdrowia mieszkańców miast.
Year
Volume
14
Issue
Pages
265-282
Physical description
Dates
online
2014-09
Contributors
  • Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland
author
  • Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland
  • Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland
  • Drug Regulatory Affairs, Pharmaceutical Institute, University Bonn, Deutschland
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
2081-8319
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-2a96b729-8b5d-4894-90ab-17249af9f64f
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