Wizualizacja paradygmatów badawczych
Visualization of Scientific Paradigms
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Visualization of science – it is a new research filed that allows large-scale analysis of the science evolution and historical changes in human activity. In the last decade it has become an important methodology used in the detection of current trends and both growth and fade of scientific domains. As the units of analysis bibliographic databases and the network data, such as logs, clicks, paths of users, blogs structure, communication packets are used. Due to graphical representations scientists can discover the critical changes in a proper research area and thus see scientific paradigms. Current article describes two examples of visualization in physics and computer science. In the first case, graphical pattern of cocitations in superstring theory illustrates the formation and development of the superstrings, including critical points – paradigms. The second one refers to the research conducted for several years by the author: visualization computer science literature from ACM Digital Library. Obtained maps well reflect the development of cloud computing methodology. The article presents an analytical potencial of visualization in science. Further more it indicates the need for a correlation between the qualitative and quantative methods in scientometrics.
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