PL EN


2015 | 2(36) | 56-77
Article title

Śląskie Muzeum Sztuk Pięknych w okresie Trzeciej Rzeszy

Content
Title variants
EN
The Silesian Museum of Fine Arts in the time of the Third Reich
Conference
Museen im Nationalsozialismus: Akteure – Orte – Politik
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
EN
For The Silesian Museum of Fine Arts in Wroclaw, like for many other German art museums, which used to exhibit avant-garde works since the 1920s, the beginning of the national socialist rule in 1933 meant a complete change. Nevertheless, during the period of 13 years of the Third Reich the Wroclaw museum was not a monolithic institution. The analysis of the hitherto unpublished sources allowed us to reconstruct the chequered history of this institution between 1933 and 1945, and indicate chosen aspects of policy concerning building up the collection, exhibiting and public activity adopted by the museum’s successive directors. In the very first month of the new rule of the national socialists – under the directors, Paul Abramowski (1933) and Wolf Marx (1933–1945) – the ambitions of transforming the museum into a model national socialist “people’s museum” came in the foreground. Since the end of 1934 a new director, an art historian, Cornelius Müller, who in 1939 changed his name into Müller-Hofstede, was called from Berlin, and by taking possible chances, he attempted to protect the museum against political influence, and he tried to transform it into an elite institution. Thanks to his professional competencies and tactical maneuvrers, balancing between opportunism and risk, initially he was able to save the museum from complete ideologisation, and held monographic exhibition of the living artists, distant form propaganda art of that time. Still, he could not resist the temptation of morally doubtful, opening after 1933 occasions to extend the collection. Eventually, he also lost the battle against possessive instrumentalisation of the museum by officials of the national socialist apparatus.
Year
Issue
Pages
56-77
Physical description
artykuł monograficzny
Dates
published
2015
Contributors
References
  • Arend Sabine, Studien zur deutschen kunsthistorischen „Ostforschung” im National-sozialismus. Die Kunsthistorischen Institute an den (Reichs-)Universitäten Breslau und Posen und ihre Protagonisten im Spannungsfeld von Wissenschaft und Politik [rozprawa doktorska], Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin 2009, http://edoc.hu-berlin.de/disser¬tationen/arend-sabine-2009-07-15/PDF/arend.pdf (data dostępu 21 IV 2015)
  • Baensch Tanja, Das Museum als „lebendiger Körper”. Die Geschichte der Städtischen Galerie im Städelschen Kunstinstitut bis 1945, [w:] Museum im Widerspruch. Das Städel und der Nationalsozialismus, Hrsg. U. Fleckner, M. Hollein, Berlin 2011
  • Grabowski Jörn, Die Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin zwischen Politik und Kunst. Ein¬führung, [w:] Zwischen Politik und Kunst. Die Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin in der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus, Hrsg. idem, P. Winter, Köln 2013
  • Hoffmann Meike, Na tropie sztuki zwyrodniałej. Konfiskata dzieł sztuki modernistycz¬nej dokonana przez narodowych socjalistów w 1938 r., ze szczególnym uzwględnieniem Szczecina, Wrocławia i Bytomia, „Muzealnictwo” nr 53 (2012)
  • Łukaszewicz Piotr, Śląskie Muzeum Sztuk Pięknych, [w:] Muzea sztuki w dawnym Wrocławiu / Kunstmuseen im alten Breslau, red. idem, Wrocław 1998
  • Łukaszewicz Piotr, Zbiory muzealne nowszego malarstwa niemieckiego we Wrocławiu, [w:] idem, Malarstwo niemieckie od klasycyzmu do symbolizmu [kat. zbiorów], Muzeum Narodowe we Wrocławiu, Wrocław 2012
  • Petropoulos Jonathan, Art as Politics in the Third Reich, Chapel Hill 1996
  • Zuschlag Christoph, „Entartete Kunst”. Ausstellungsstrategien im Nazi-Deutschland, Worms 1995
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-2b274628-1142-4f55-b274-f48ccc195dd4
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