Gospodarka oparta na wiedzy w założeniach Strategii Lizbońskiej - na przykładzie Francji
Rola przedsiębiorczości w gospodarce opartej na wiedzy
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In spite of the process of economic integration in Europe, a lot of developed countriessurpass it in the area of industrial development based on the knowledge. Therefore, in 2000 inLisbon the heads of EU countries accepted the common economic and social strategy for thetransformation of EU into the most dynamic and competitive economy in the world. To reach thisgoal a quick transformation into knowledge-based economy, the development of informationsociety and the increase of economic innovation are planned. The following article presents the steps France is taking in the framework of National ReformProgramme based on social increase. It assumes that in the area of research and innovationthe increase of private investment and the increase of effectiveness of public research and helpin popularizing innovations in economy are planned. The main aim of the programme is tocoordinate public research and intensify the cooperation with enterprises and developmentof innovation and industrial politics. The plans to reach these aims consist of the change the labor law, concessions, better access to funds, the promotion of IT and the increase of funds forlocal development and the improvement of technical infrastructure.The third priority, the formation of economy based on knowledge, distinguishes threespheres of enterprises. One of them is the stimulation of research and innovation which dealswith: -the increase of funds and effectiveness of public research by means of better formulationand estimation of scientific politics - the development and popularization of French scientific achievements, the improvementof attractiveness of scientific career and the integration of French research system in Europe - the development of science by means of projects and the improvement of effectivenessof public-private cofinancing. Apart from the steps taken, spatial differentiation of development of R+D sector will be analyzed.
- http://europa.eu.int/comm/eurostat/ (Science and Technology, Highest proportion of graduates in Science & Engineering in Sweden, Ireland and France)
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