РОЗРОБКА НОВИХ РАНГОВИХ ШКАЛ ВАЖКОСТІ НАВЧАЛЬНИХ ПРЕДМЕТІВ У ЗНЗ
The development of a new rank scale of complexity of the subjects for the pupils of the 1-11 forms of secondary schools.
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The periodical curriculum re-evaluation creates the conditions for the scientific hygienic substantiation of the studying load level, taking into account its probable pathological effect on the psychophysiological status. In this regard, we have improved the algorithm of hygienic assessment of the studying load, based on a pupils’ poll about the complexity of the subjects and then their ranking by points from 1 (light) to 10 (complex). By introducing a special coefficient to the formula of subjects’ difficulty, calculating the estimated duration of particular subject’s homework was included. The statistically summarized results of the research were subjected to the formation of an integral «norm» and the creation of easy-to-use units rank (score). New ranking scales of the complexity of the subjects were developed based on the data obtained in a survey of the pupils, parents and teachers of the 1-11 forms in schools. The analysis of the results of the 1stform pupils survey shows the unequal distribution of the studying load among the classes: it is found out that the proportion of difficult subjects in elementary school is gradually reducing from 33% in the 1st form up to 13% in the 4th form to the total number of the subjects; at the same time we have found the opposite trend in the middle and high school: from 27% of difficult subjects in the 5thform up to 80% in the 11th form. In accordance with the developed rank scale of the complexity of the subjects for the 1-4 forms and improved existing scales of difficulty for the 5-11 forms pupils, school disciplines are divided into «light» (1-4 points), «medium complexity» (5-8 points) and «complex» (9-10 points). These ranking scales allow optimizing the distribution of the studying load during the day and week. The use of an integrated methodology for schedule assessing with integrative indicator is a convenient tool for modeling the structure of the educational process in different types of schools. The obtained results indicate the need for monitoring research of academic load influence on children’s health in view of the constant increase in the flow of information and increase of the intensity of study.
educational process study load, the complexity of the subjects ranking subjects on complexity rank scales hygienic assessment of the study load general educational schools subjective assessment of the complexity of the subjects comprehensive assessment of the lessons schedule an integrational rate of the lessons schedule quality
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