2013 | 2(25) | 123-138
Article title

Wydalenie ipso facto z instytutu zakonnego

Title variants
Dismissal ipso facto from the Religious Institute
Languages of publication
The dismissal of a member ipso facto from the Religious Institute which quite often is referred to in the Canon Law literature (a iure) is automatic and without the intervention of any ecclesial or religious authority. It concerns perpetually or temporarily professed religious. It is effective the moment a religious commits one of two serious offences against Church Law as enumerated in Canon Law 694 §1. A member is to be considered automatically dismissed if he/she: has notoriously defected from the Catholic faith o has contracted marriage or attempted it, even only civilly. The religious is no longer a member of the Institute through the fact of the offence stated in this Canon. However, the major superior with his council, after collecting the evidence about offences done by religious is obliged to issue without delay a declaration of the fact so that the dismissal is juridically established. According to canon 694, §2, “in these cases, after the proof has been collected, the major superior with the council is to issue without any delay, a declaration of fact so that the dismissal is established juridically.” This act is a formal declaration which confirms the fact of the offence committed by religious and at the same time is a legal confirmation of his dismissal at the moment the offence was committed, and before the declaration of the major superior and his council was made.
Physical description
  • Anaya Torres, J. M., La expulsión de los religiosos. Un recorrido histórico que muestra el interés pastoral de la Iglesia, Roma 2007, s. 178.
  • Andrés, D., Le forme di vita consacrata. Commentario teologico – giuridico al. Codice di diritto canonico, Roma 2005, s. 663.
  • Barszcz, W., Przyczyny i procedury przeniesienia duchownych do stanu świeckiego na podstawie uprawnień Kongregacji ds. Duchowieństwa, „Prawo Kanoniczne” 54 (2011) nr 3-4, s. 58-59.
  • Publikacja
  • Calabrese, A., Istituti di vita consacrata e societa di vita apostolica, Citta del Vaticano 1997, s. 308;
  • De Paolis, V., La vita consacrata nella Chiesa (edizione rivista e ampliata a cura di V. Mosca), Venezia 2010, s. 576;
  • Di Mattia, G., Separazione dei membri dall’istituto e dalla societa di vita apostolica. Tipologia e procedura (cann. 684-704; 726-731; 742-746), „Commentarium pro Religiosi et Missionariis” 74 (1993), s. 44; F. C. Morrisey, Can. 694, dz. cyt., s. 1775.
  • Ghirlanda, G., La problematica della separazione del religioso dal proprio istituto, w: AA.VV., Il nuovo diritto dei religiosi,
  • Konferencja Episkopatu Polski, Zasady postępowania w sprawie formalnego aktu wystąpienia z Kościoła (27.09.2008), „Akta Konferencji Episkopatu Polski” 14 (2008), s. 89-91.
  • Morrisey, F. C., Can. 694, w: AA.VV., Comentario exegético al Código de Derecho Canónico, vol. II/2, Pamplona 2002, s. 1775.
  • Pighin, B. F., Diritto penale canonico, Venezia 2008, s. 306-307.
  • Roma 1984, s. 176-177.
  • Syryjczyk, J., Kanoniczne prawo karne. Część szczegółowa, Warszawa 2003, s. 21.
  • Zubert, B. W., Komentarz do Kodeksu Prawa Kanonicznego, t. 2, cz. III, Lublin 1990, s. 222.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
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