Igrzyska Afrykańskie i Najwyższa Rada Sportu w Afryce jako inicjatywy na rzecz zbliżenia państw afrykańskich
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African Games and Supreme Council for Sport in Africa as initiatives towards closer relations among African states
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There are a number of ways in which sport might be instrumentalized in international relations. One of them refers to the use of its non-political character and popularity in order to shape international proximity and more positive relations between states. Such instrumentalization is referred to as sport diplomacy, a category that is classed as a part of public diplomacy. The aim of the article is to investigate how sport has been used in order to strengthen the proximity and ties among African states. Two initiatives have been considered: the African Games and the Supreme Council for Sport in Africa. The research is a case study which refers to Africa, as in the history of sport there have also been other multilateral attempts to instrumentalize sport for the sake of international proximity. In the analysis the motivation behind the initiatives has been particularly considered. The article attempts to verify the hypothesis that existence of political regimes dominated by white minorities in Africa (RSA, Rhodesia) was an integrative element for the other African states in the field of international sport.
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