Model parlamentaryzmu dualistycznego we Francji V Republiki na tle tendencji rozwojowych francuskiego konstytucjonalizmu
DUALISTIC MODEL OF PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM IN FRANCE OF THE FIFTH REPUBLIC AGAINST THE GRAIN OF FRENCH CONSTITUTIONALISM
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The article concerns the question of dual responsibility of the government in the French Fifth Republic. The first part is devoted to origins and development of the dualistic parliamentary system of government in France. According to this model ministers are politically responsible not only before the monarch, but also before the parliament. In the second part the author discusses the return to this model after the adoption of the current Constitution. In the light of this act the government is politically responsible before the parliament. However, when the dual executive comes from the same part of the political scene responsibility of the government before the president of the Republic is much more important. The situation changes significantly during periods of cohabitation. Under such circumstances the government bears political responsibility for its actions only before the parliament. The head of state is no longer able to dismiss the prime minister and other members of the government at his own discretion. In conclusion, the author points out that in the French political system there is no one coherent model of dual responsibility of the government because its shape is influenced by different configurations on the political scene.
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