Chiny (ChRL) i ZSRR wobec wojny w Zatoce Perskiej (1991 r.)
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The article shows the stand China (People’s Republic of China) and the split by inner political fights USSR took regarding the American initiative to militarily force out the Iraqi aggressor from Kuwait, as well as regarding the American anti-Iraq operation, Desert Storm. Both communist superpowers agreed with each other only 2 years before the operation, thus ending the 30-year long schism and hostility. However, among others due to Mikhail Gorbachev’s policy of new thought from one side and Deng Xiaoping’s reforms and open policy from the other, supported by Chinese independent foreign policy, despite many mutual points within foreign policy, Moscow and Beijing held different policies regarding the American intervention (arranged officially with the UN’s mandate). While agreeing about the necessary withdrawal of Iraqi armies from Kuwait, as well as the restitution of its sovereignty, China and USSR differed in the coalition’s (particularly American) support towards military intervention against Iraq. For Beijing the intervention was only an element of the supremacy battle between USA and Iraq. For Gorbachev, it was a part of Soviet–American cooperation in building a partnership, as well as creating universal standards of political activities on the international arena. The Soviet political scene however, was deeply diversified. The followers of the west and of the USA supported the Iraq intervention, but left-wing politicians were appealing to Soviet politics’ tradition and were against following America’s moves. They wanted to continue the anti-USA policy in the Persian Gulf region, to hold friendly relations with Islamic countries and to bloc American initiatives cin the region, which according to them served to monopolize the USA’s domination in the area.
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