The article is an attempt to give a response to the question of which court is competent in proceedings on appointing the representative (guardian for an absent person) for an absent person or one that is incapable of performing legal activities (art. 34 § 1 Administrative Procedure Code). According to the judicature and doctrine opinions settled on the basis of the Supreme Court resolution of 9 February 1989, III SCP 117/88, OSNC 1990/1, item 11, appointing the representative by court for an absent party of the administrative proceedings on a motion of the administration body submitted under art. 34 § 1 Administrative Procedure Code is based on art. 184 of the Family and Guardianship Code. Consequently, the competent court for appointing the guardian for an absent person is the family court (guardianship court). In the Author’s opinion that point of view cannot be preserved and the competent court should be the territorially competent WSA (voivodeship /regional/ administrative court), on whose territory thepublic administrative body conducting the proceedings has its seat (art. 13 § 1 and 2 the Law on Procedure Before Administrative Courts).