The article deals with the problem of foreign language learning by students of non-language specialties of higher educational establishments. The analysis of scientific literature showed the continued interest of teachers, trainers, linguists to the problem of foreign language courses for professional communication. There are many areas of professional foreign language, such as foreign language for economists (A. Kapustin, N. Sinitsyna, B. Ternova), foreign language for managers (A. Ivanov, N. Mukan), foreign language for lawyers (I. Batina, Y. Khomenko) etc. Despite the large number of scientific papers on the above-mentioned problem, in our opinion, a number of issues still need more detail. The aim of the article is to analyze the implementation of scientific and educational literature, illuminating the relevance of foreign language learning by students of non-language specialties. The research methodology included the use of theoretical research methods. The article indentifies the basic theoretical principles of learning foreign language communication (the need to implement communication technology skills formation in all types of speech activity; required use of comprehensive training in all types of speech activity; taking into account individual interests and characteristics of students as well as the various actions, steps or methods of activity implementation used by students in order to enhance learning; required use of a truly communicative tasks that contribute to the formation of communication skills, the actual conditions of adequate communication), training components of intensive foreign language courses for professional communication (handling skills of language, linguistic skills that characterize the level of practical proficiency as a means of communication, educational and compensatory skills to ensure a culture of language acquisition training in terms of culture and communication with its carriers, as well as exercises of various types). Therefore, we believe that foreign language for professional communication helps in student’s development of his professional orientation. It has great educational and developmental potential. This can provide the tasks facing the teacher and students within the profiled-based learning foreign languages. The further research should include study of foreign language learning features by students of technical specialties of higher educational establishments.