КІЛЬКІСНА ОЦІНКА ФІЗИЧНОГО СТАНУ ХЛОПЦІВ СЕРЕДНЬОГО ШКІЛЬНОГО ВІКУ З ВАДАМИ СЛУХУ ТА ЙОГО ДИНАМІКА ПІД ВПЛИВОМ ЗАСОБІВ ФІЗИЧНОЇ РЕАБІЛІТАЦІЇ
Quantitative assessment of the physical condition of middle school age boys with hearing defects and its dynamics under the influence of physical rehabilitation
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A research purpose was to improve the physical condition of children of secondary school age with hearing defects through the use of physical rehabilitation. The complex method of physical rehabilitation is proposed and tested. It included medical physical culture, classical massage, balneotherapy, halotherapy and diet therapy. This technique is different in specificity of medical physical training elements that were used, the implementation of speed-strength exercises and instructional techniques of motor actions, the aerobic nature of the motor load and emotionality of the lessons. It proved its effectiveness; its introduction is prompted. Initial inspection of 2/3 students (67 ± 13%) of 10–12 years old with impaired hearing received a low score on the physical condition of morpho-functional indicators such as life index (the ratio of vital capacity in ml to the body weight in kg), power indicator (the ratio of brush kg of body weight in kg), double product (including heart rate and systolic blood pressure), Ruf’ye index and correspondence between body weight and stature. It was shown in the total score after evaluating each of those indexes. Thus, it can be noted that the technique of complex physical rehabilitation has a positive impact on the 10–12-year-old teens with impaired hearing. When the proposed course of comprehensive physical rehabilitation was completed, physical condition of only 3 boys remained below average, 9 of them had average physical condition, 2 of them was above average, and 1 of them was high. When we assess the obtained results by the criterion of signs, we found that the level of physical condition of 3 boys has not changed, while 12 – increased. The difference can be considered statistically significant in paired comparisons. The proposed method of complex physical rehabilitation can be recommended for use in children’s health centers and correctional institutions such as boarding schools to improve physical condition, the equivalent of which is physical (somatic) health of schoolchildren aged 10–12 with impaired hearing. In future it should be advisable to get a scientific foundation and to develop safe methods of testing the motor capacity for assess the effectiveness of rehabilitation sets with using various methods of physical rehabilitation for children with impaired hearing.
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