Zwrot etyczny i nowa antropologia moralności
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AN ETHICAL TURN AND THE NEW ANTHROPOLOGY OF MORALITY
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An inquiry into moral and ethical questions has been undertaken by anthropologists from the beginning of the discipline. Nonetheless, the lack of theoretical basis for conceptualizing ethics and morality was regularly regarded as a sign that the anthropology of morality was in the state of underdevelopment. The last decade or so witnessed an intensified interest of several anthropologists into theorizing ethical and moral issues within the discipline. This “movement” has been labelled an “ethical” or “moral turn”, or “the new anthropology of moralities”. The aim of this article is twofold. First, it analyzes the main theoretical approaches that emerged within recent years, i.e. anthropology of morality/moralities; anthropology of ethics; critical moral anthropology, and anthropology of evil. Second, it points at those social and cultural phenomena that have not yet received due attention from anthropologists of morality, such as politics, bioethics, and the immoral.
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