ПСИХОЛОГІЧНІ ОСОБЛИВОСТІ ІННОВАЦІЙНОЇ ДІЯЛЬНОСТІ В СУСПІЛЬСТВІ РИЗИКУ
The psychological peculiarities of innovative activity in the risk society
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The article reveals the essential characteristics of risk society in the social-psychological context. The current studies in sociology, philosophy and psychology concerning the psychological security of the person in conditions of traumatic events of risk society are analyzed. The necessity of studying the psychological conditions for effective innovative practice in a situation of social transformations is proved. The specific features of an innovative creative personality are analyzed. Based on the analysis of different scientific sources the strategies for overcoming the challenges of social-psychological adaptation in terms of ambiguity of the society are identified: 1) personality’s realization of the sense of his/her own life in a new environment and desire for its implementation; 2) individualization of the life scenario design that ensure readiness for action in a situation of choice; 3) «over-situation activity» which has the potential to revive the lost and to form the new values and meanings through search activity; 4) «active non-adaptability», that assumes transcendental openness to new experiences and is the basis of creative, research, innovative activity; 5) «autotelic» lifestyle, according to which the main driving force is not external, but internal motivation of the personality caused by deep feelings and real needs. The attention is focused on the need of searching the optimal solution to the problem of the personality’s information security in the context of uncontrolled manipulative influence of modern information and computer technologies. The need for forming in the personality the ability to overcoming, transforming behavior, to self-regulation that provides a sense of security, as well as transgressive orientation is identified. The psychological recommendations for optimization of the creative innovative activity in risk society are formulated. It is determined that individuals with high creative potential who use creative strategies to overcome difficult life situations are more able to effective innovative activity. It is emphasized that the strategic benchmark of modern education should be awakening in a person innovative qualities, creativity and ability to comprehend and create a new one. For further research the problem concerning the transformative transgressive strategy of the person in conditions of risk society is proposed.
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