Kultura przeszłości, państwo przyszłości – wpływy feudalnej Japonii na ukształtowanie się świadomości, mentalności i kultury pracy współczesnych Japończyków
The Culture of Past, the Country of Future – the Influence of Feudal Japan on the Consciousness, Mentality and Working Conditions in Today’s Japanese Society
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Japan is the country full of contrasts. On the one hand Japanese society is looking forward to the future and on the other hand old culture and customs are still present and visible through the life of Japanese. Feudalism in Japan ended more than one hundred years ago, when Meiji Emperor opened Japanese borders after 250 years of isolation. However, nowadays it can be seen that working conditions or daily life might be compared with the life of Japanese warriors – samurais, their honour and value system. Self-improvement is the first thing to describe Japanese society. From the childhood to adolescent being the society demands from each person to be better than others. Secondly, Japan created its own system of fulltime employment, which is similar to samurais’ loyalty to their masters. Honour forced the ritual death seppuku, and now, however Japan departs from fulltime employment, deaths caused by the loyalty to the company called karoshi – the death from overwork, or karojisatsu – the suicide from overwork still occur. Japanese society is changing. Young population wants to be creative and take their lives in their hands. Furiitaa, as they are called want to be the opposite to sarariman – typical corporation worker. Japan needs to find golden mean, because now it goes from one extreme to the other.
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