Niektóre aspekty materialnoprawne i procesowe instytucji punitive damages z perspektywy polskiej
Some Material and Procedural Law Aspects of Punitive Damages from the Polish Perspective
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Punitive damages play an important role in the tort law of common law countries. Recently, the nature of punitive damages has come under question in front of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Poland which had to decide in Cimoszewicz-Harlan v. Wprost whether a U.S. judgment granting the defendant punitive damages can be recognised under the Polish law. In light of this recent decision this article will try to present some issues of substantive and procedural law involved in the concept of punitive damages and how they can be of any importance from the Polish perspective. The first part will focus on the nature of punitive damages, their function, the criticism it has harnessed and the tendencies that appear in civil law countries to introduce damages of a punitive nature. The second part will present issues of procedural law and will focus on the question whether American judgments awarding punitive damages should or should not be recognised in Poland, and if yes, then to what extent.
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